Alexander Shkarovskiy, Anatolii Kolienko, Vitalii Turchenko


The paper presents the results of studies aimed to increase the efficiency of centralized heating networks by improving heat supply control at the plant and at the local level. With this in view, we considered issues of choosing the optimal heat supply schedule and its influence on the efficiency of heat generation, transportation and use, as well as the influence of the heat carrier temperature on heat losses at the corner of the temperature curve. We also studied the influence of the heat carrier temperature in the return pipe of heating networks on the operation of heat generators by using various control methods. Another issue considered in the course of the study was the issue of ensuring the hydraulic and thermal stability of heating networks and heating systems connected to them by using the combined control method. The methodology of the study was based on the analysis of heat balance equations for the steady-state operation of a complex including a heating network and a building’s heating system. As a result, we obtained relationships that make it possible to determine the variation in the heat carrier flow rate and temperature depending on the heat load, as well as the reduction in energy consumption for heat carrier transportation. Recommendations were developed for the introduction of combined heat load control. A scheme for the reconstruction of central heat stations is proposed. The scientific and practical results of the study can be used to prevent significant heat losses, ensure optimal operation of heating networks, heat generators, and heating systems, reduce energy consumption, and increase the overall efficiency of centralized heating networks.


Heat supply, centralized heating networks, energy saving, efficiency, heat load control.

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