Sviatoslav Fedorov, Iurii Stolbikhin, Victor Vasilyev


Introduction: The restoration of old fountains is essential to the cultural life of society since it preserves the architectural spirit of the past and conveys the historical heritage to the present day. Besides, fountains create a favorable atmosphere in summer, humidifying the air. In the course of the study, we developed an approach to the restoration of the engineering systems and the technology of operation of an old fountain in St. Petersburg. Methods: We performed a detailed survey of the cast-iron fountain body and the pits next to it to discover the catchment basin of the fountain and establish its dimensions, assess the operation of similar fountains, analyze historical documents (old photos), and design engineering systems. Results and discussion: As a result of the study, the dimensions of the fountain and the catchment basin as well as the diameters of the orifices were obtained. The trajectories of the water jets and the scheme of the fountain’s operation were determined. Besides, we performed a hydraulic analysis of the systems and selected the necessary equipment. In this paper, we also present the scheme of the fountain’s operation in the following modes: filling with water, normal operation, and shut-down for winter.


Fountain, reconstruction, water supply, sewerage, survey, hydraulic analysis.

Full Text:



Alcocer, V. G., Ballesta, J. J. and Hernanz, E. S. (2017). Conservation and restoration works of the Four Sewers Fountain in Daganzo (Madrid, Spain). Ge-Conservación, Vol. 11, pp. 172–179. DOI: 10.37558/gec.v11i0.470.

Apollonio, F. I., Ballabeni, M., Bertacchi, S., Fallavollita, F., Foschi, R.and Gaiani, M. (2017). From documentation images to restauration support tools: a path following the Neptune fountain in Bologna design process. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 2017 GEOMATICS & RESTORATION – Conservation of Cultural Heritage in the Digital Era, May 22–24, 2017, Florence, Italy, Vol. XLII-5/W1, pp. 329–336. DOI: 10.5194/isprs-archives-–XLI–5–W1–329–2017.

Bistafa, S. R. (2015). Euler’s friction of fluids theory and the estimation of fountain jet heights. The European Physical Journal H, Vol. 40, Issue 3, pp. 375–384. DOI: 10.1140/epjh/e2015–60031-2.

Bonnie, R. and Richard, J. (2012). Building D1 at Magdala revisited in the light of public fountain architecture in the late-Hellenistic East. Israel Exploration Journal, Vol. 62, Issue 1, pp. 71–88 (1). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.262938.

Chang, Y.-H., Wu, B.-Y. and Lai, C.-F. (2015). A study of the ecological benefits of the green energy landscape fountain. Ecological Engineering, Vol. 75, February 2015, pp. 128–136. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.11.021.

Ďoubal, J. (2017). The restoration of the Stone Fountain in Kutná Hora: An assessment of the contemporary intervention within the context of repairs throughout history. Studies in Conservation, Vol. 62, Issue 7, pp. 371–383. DOI: 10.1080/00393630.2016.1206246.

Gordon, M. (2013). The mathematics of fountain design: a multiple-centres activity. Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, Vol. 32, Issue 1, pp. 19–27. DOI: 10.1093/teamat/hrs013.

Hynynen, A. J., Juuti, P. S. and Katko T. S. (eds.) (2012). Water fountains in the worldscape. Kangasala: International Water History Association and KehräMedia Inc., 222 p.

Juuti, P. S., Antoniou, G. P., Dragoni, W., El-Gohary, F., De Feo, G., Katko, T. S., Rajala, R. P., Zheng, X. Y., Drusiani, R. and Angelakis, A.N. (2015). Short global history of fountains. Water, Vol. 7, Issue 5, pp. 2314–2348. DOI: 10.3390/w7052314.

Peszynski, K., Perczynski, D. and Piwecka, L. (2019). Mathematical model of a fountain with a water picture in the shape of an hourglass. EPJ Web of Conferences, Vol. 213, 02064. DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/201921302064.

Sanchez, J. (2004). Renovation project returns Chicago fountain to its youth. World Pumps, Vol. 2004, Issue 450, pp. 37–39. DOI: 10.1016/S0262–1762(04)00144–0.

Shakerin, S. (2004). Microcontrolled water fountain: a multidisciplinary project. International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 654–659.

Visconty, P., Constantini, P. and Cavalera, G. (2016). Smart electronic system for dancing fountains control capable to create water and lighting scenarios synchronized with a music track. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 9, pp. 5669–5675.

Xue, F., Li, X., Ma, J. and Zhang, Z. (2015). Modeling the influence of fountain on urban microclimate. Building Simulation, Vol. 8, Issue 3, pp. 285–295. DOI: 10.1007/s12273–014–0210–7.

Yenigün, K., Kürkçüoğlu, C., Karakaş, M., Gerger, R., Aydoğdu, M. H. and Gümüs, V. (2017). Historical water structures of Şanliurfa; fountains. In: Baba, A., Gündüz, O. and Tayfur, G. (eds.) IWA-PPFW 2017. IWA 2nd Regional Symposium on Water, Wastewater and Environment. The Past, Present and Future of the World’s Water Resources, March 22–24, 2017, Çesme - Izmir, Turkey, pp. 430–439.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 2500-0055