Olga Tretiakova


The subject of research is shallow foundations in seasonally freezing soils. One of the main reasons of reaching by foundation structures limit states in the strength and position stability is such hazardous natural phenomenon as the frost heave of soils. The goal of this work is reduction of the negative effect of frost heaving forces on shallow foundations. The technique is suggested for protection of underground structures from the effect of the freezing soil. A bored pile with the upper inverted cone was developed allowing partial neutralization of tangential frost heaving forces due to the vertical component of frost heaving forces acting normally to the pile lateral surface. Use of the method will lead to increase in the life of structures, decrease in their erecting and operating cost.


Underground structures, frost heave, stress-strain state, normal and tangential forces, pulling load, bored pile, inverted cone

Full Text:



Amoco Production Company, (1972). Heave-proof Arctic piling. US3703812.

Babaei, M., Liu, J., Staseff, D. (2016). Numerical analysis of freezing and thawing influence on soil nail walls. In: Proceedings of the CGS GeoVancouver Conference. Vancouver. Available at: (viewed on: 12.01.2017)

Dalmatov, B.I. (1954). Issledovaniia kasatel'nykh sil pucheniia i vliianiia ikh na fundamenty sooruzhenii [Investigation of frost heave tangential forces and their effect on foundations]. Academy of Sciences of the USSR: Institut merzlotovedeniia [Institute of the frost science], 60 p. (in Russian)

Dalmatov, B.I., Lapshin, F.K., Rossihin, Ju.V. (1975). Proektirovanie svajnyh fundamentov v uslovijah slabyh gruntov [Design of pile foundations in the soft soil]. Leningrad: Strojizdat. (in Russian)

Dobrynin, A.O. (2012). Fundamenty iz dvukonusnykh svai dlia transportnogo stroitel'stva [Foundations of the piles for the transport construction]. Ph.D. thesis in Engineering Science. Perm: Perm National Research Polytechnic University. (in Russian)

Golli, O.R. (2000). Integral'nye zakonomernosti moroznogo pucheniia gruntov i ikh ispol'zovanie pri reshenii inzhenernykh zadach v stroitel'stve [Integral mechanism of frost heaving of soils and application of them in the performance of the engineering challenges in building]. Doctoral thesis in Engineering Science. Saint Petersburg: B.E. Vedeneev VNIIG, 45 p. (in Russian)

Iushkov, B.S., Ponomarev, A.B. (1987). Primenenie pustotelykh konicheskikh svai v grazhdanskom stroitel'stve [hollow tapered pile application in the civil engineering]. In: Proceedings of Osnovaniia i fundamenty v geologicheskikh usloviiakh Ural [Substructures and foundations under the Ural’ geologic conditions]. Perm: Perm National Research Polytechnic University. (in Russian)

Karlov, V.D. (1998). Sezonno promerzaiushchie grunty kak osnovaniia sooruzhenii [Seasonal freezing soils as a base of construction]. Doctoral thesis in Engineering Science. Saint Petersburg: SPbSUACE, 349 p. (in Russian)

Kibriya, T., Tahir, L. (2015). Adfreeze forces on Lightly Loaded Pile foundations of Solar PV Farms in Gold Regions. American journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 3 (4), pp. 109–117. DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-3-4-1

Medvedeva, O.P. (1992). Rabota piramidal'no-prizmaticheskikh svai v pylevato-glinistykh gruntakh [Pyramidic prismatic pile’ action in clay floury soils]. Ph.D. thesis in Engineering Science. Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk PromStroy NII Project Plc. (in Russian)

Modisette, J.P., Modisette, J.L. (2014). Pipe Line Frost Heave. Pipeline Simulation Interest Group, 1421, pp. 1–8. Available at: (viewed on: 12.01.2017)

Morareskul, N.N. (1950). Issledovanie normal'nykh sil pucheniia gruntov [Investigation of frost heave normal forces]. Ph.D. thesis in Engineering Science. Leningrad: LISI, 26 p. (in Russian)

NIIOSP (Nauchno- issledovatel'skii institut osnovanii i podzemnykh sooruzhenii) [Research institute of foundation and underground constructions], (1980). Rekomendatsii po snizheniiu kasatel'nykh sil moroznogo vypuchivaniia fundamentov s primeneniem plasticheskikh smazok i kremniiorganicheskikh emalei [Recommendations for reducing tangential forces of foundation' bulging with the application of plastic cover and organosilicon enamels]. Moscow: VNIIS Gosstroia SSSR [Russian Research Institute for Certification of the USSR State Committee for Construction]. (in Russian)

Repetskii, D.S. (2011) Rabota dvukonusnykh svai v puchinistykh gruntakh [Biconical pile’ action on heaving soil]. Ph.D. thesis in Engineering Science. Perm: Perm National Research Polytechnic University. (in Russian)

Tretiakova, O.V. (2016). Velichiny normal'nykh napriazhenii moroznogo pucheniia, razvivaiushchikhsia v glinistykh gruntakh [The values of the normal stresses of frost heaving, growing in clay soil]. Transport. Transportnye sooruzheniia. Ekologiia [Transport. Traffic construction. Ecology], 1, pp. 125–141. (in Russian) DOI: 10.15593/24111678/2016.01.09



  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 2500-0055