Tamara Kelly


Introduction: Throughout the years, numerous factors have contributed to the formation of city identity, urban fabric, and architecture. These factors include inspirations from various civilizations and religious influences. Architecture is also determined by such physical constraints as climate, geography, and the availability of specific materials. This article in particular addresses Turkey, a vast country with significant culture, and its architecture shaped by the strong identity of the nation. Methods: The article explores the influence of diverse aspects and intangible factors on Turkish residential and sacral architecture. For that purpose, the history of the Ottoman Empire is analyzed, and the evolution of the Turkish Hayat house is examined, which is the basis of various housing styles in Turkey. Results and discussion: Political will and ambition as well as the glorification of victories in battles were the key elements behind many landmarked mosques. As for the Hayat house, it is closely associated with the lifestyle of the Turks who founded the Ottoman Empire.


Byzantine architecture, Ottoman architecture, Mimar Sinan, monumental mosques.

Full Text:



Al Abidin, M. Z. (2005). The architecture of Ottoman mosques. Beirut: Dar Qabess House, 29 p.

Bertram, C. (2013). Imagining the Turkish house: collective visions of home. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 360 p.

Freely, J. (2011). A history of Ottoman architecture. Southampton: WIT Press, 464 p.

Ghobadian, V. (2009). Sustainable traditional buildings of Iran. Dubai: Islamic Azad University, 263 p.

Givoni, B. (1998). Climate consideration and urban design. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 480 p.

Goodwin, G. (2003). A history of Ottoman architecture. London: Thames & Hudson, 512 p.

Kuban, D. (1995). The Turkish hayat house. Istanbul: Eren, 279 p.

Kuban, D. (2010). Ottoman architecture. Woodbridge: Antique Collectors’ Club Ltd, 720 p.

Kuran, A. (1968). The mosque in early Ottoman architecture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 233 p.

Moffett, M., Fazio, M. and Wodehouse L. (2008). A world history of architecture. 2nd edition. London: Laurence King Publishing, 608 p.

Necipoglu, G. (2007). The age of Sinan: Architectural culture in the Ottoman empire. London: Reaktion Books, 592 p.

Nehru, J. (1964). Glimpses of world history. 2nd edition. Bombay: Asia Publishing, 1031 p.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 2500-0055