Sadia Farooq, Mohammad Arif Kamal


Introduction: A landscaped area is always appealing when designed according to a certain theme and purpose, as is the case with the sculptures in the Greater Iqbal Park. Purpose of the study: We aimed to analyze the influence of ornamental sculptures on people visiting the Greater Iqbal Park situated in Lahore, Pakistan. The objective was to evaluate the importance of the sculptures’ presence in the park, to review the visitors’ opinions on the subject, and to analyze how the sculptures blend in with other elements of the park. Methods: An important aspect of the study is the combination of data collected through observations, pictures, and questionnaires. Results and discussion: 65% of visitors to the park are satisfied with the sculptures’ placement and the lighting around them. The sculptures depicting a bent tree, birds, musical instruments, and a peacock are aesthetically pleasing and alluring for the visitors. The reliefs reference art from the Mughal era, and the material is durable, tough, and weather-resistant. Conclusions: The visitors like to have sculptures in the park, which increases the park’s appeal, especially for children, who can learn visual lessons about shapes and history. The study will help designers with creating variety and inspiring interest through sculptures, especially those related to historical events and complementing their surroundings.


Sculptures, landscape design, Greater Iqbal Park, Lahore, Pakistan.

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