### PROBLEM OF THE ANISOTROPY OF ELASTICITY AND STRENGTH IN ANISOTROPIC FIBER MATERIALS

#### Abstract

**Introduction:**The paper presents new results of studies on the anisotropy of fiber materials with cylindrical anisotropy, which include filament-wound composite materials reinforced with various fibers.

**Methods:**We suggest a mathematical solution to a fourth-order partial differential equation in polar coordinates with two variables for an orthotropic anisotropic body. To solve this equation, we converted it into Cartesian coordinates and presented the stress function as a sum of polynomials.

**Results and Discussion:**As a result of the solution, we obtained two relationships between the elastic constants in the principal directions of anisotropy (so-called elasticity parameters). One of them was obtained for the first time, and the other results from the solution of the anisotropy problem for an orthotropic curved body, suggested by S. G. Lekhnitsky. The obtained solution does not contradict Lekhnitsky’s solution. Thus, in our opinion, orthotropic materials can be divided into two groups. In one group, when shifting from the radial to the tangential direction, the elastic constants take on extreme values when the layers are at angles of 0, 60, and 90°. In the other group, there is no intermediate extreme value and the elastic constants take on extreme values when the layers are at angles of 0 and 90°. The obtained results can be applied in the development of new high-strength composite materials and new technologies for the design and manufacture of building structures, as well as in the design of high-strength structures from synthetic composite materials.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.23968/2500-0055-2021-6-2-31-36

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