Problem of accident reconstruction mechanism using parameters of braking process of two-wheeled motor vehicles

Stanislav Evtyukov, Grigory Ginzburg, Ilya Brylev

Abstract


Increase in the number of two-wheeled motor vehicles (motorcycles, vehicles of category L3) is observed in the traffic of almost all countries in the world. That is why the number of victims and people seriously injured in the road traffic accidents (RTA) has considerably increased. The majority of RTA is the result of many factors which form together sets of different causes and effects. Identification of actual reasons having led to a traffic accident, as well as their attendant circumstances, is one of the most important tasks in ensuring traffic safety. On the one hand, configurations of two-wheeled motor vehicles have been significantly improved over the last decades, so it is necessary to align the analytical apparatus of estimating parameters of the braking process with these configurations. On the other hand, the current practice of expert analysis and settlement of accidents still involves estimation of increase in braking time and steady deceleration of motorcycles manufactured domestically during the past years, which hardly participate in the modern traffic due to their age. Both of these circumstances require review and adjustment, as well as formation of an updated basis of estimate for assessment of braking processes of two-wheeled motor vehicles in order to increase the reliability of RTA examination and determine compliance or non-compliance of driver’s actions with the requirements of traffic rules, establish the causes of accidents, evaluate a technical capability of a driver of the two-wheeled motor vehicle to prevent the accident. Settlement of all these issues can be provided by effective methods of calculation (quantitative) assessment, which are not available at the present moment.

Keywords


technical expertise of vehicles; two-wheeled motor vehicles; calculation of speed; deceleration

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arabuli YG (1990) Ispol’zovanie v jekspertnoj praktike jeksperimental’no-raschetnyh znachenij parametrov tormozhenija mototransportnyh sredstv: metod. rekomendatsii [The use of calculated values of motorcycle braking in expert practice: guidelines]. AUSRIJI, Moscow, RF (in Russian).

Brylev IS (2015) Jeksperimental’nye issledovanija parametrov zamedlenija transportnyh sredstv kategorii L3 [Experimental studies of deceleration parameter of the vehicles of category L3]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh ingenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers], 2 (49): 131–137 (in Russian).

Evtyukov SA, Brylev IS (2014) Jeksperimental’nye issledovanija parametrov ustanovivshegosja zamedlenija i tormoznogo puti transportnyh sredstv kategorii L3 [Experimental studies parameter is set deceleration and stopping distance of motorcycles]. Mir transporta i tekhnologicheskikh mashin [Transport and Technological Cars], 4(47): 125–130 (in Russian).

Brylev IS (2014) Otsenka pogreshnosti raschetov skorosti dvizhenija motociklov na stadii sblizhenija [Error estimation of motorcycle speed on the approach stage]. Vestnik grazhdanskikh ingenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers], 6 (47): 178–182 (in Russian).

Evtyukov SA, Brylev IS (2015) Algoritm korrektirovki normativnyh znachenij vremeni narastanija zamedlenija, ustanovivshegosja zamedlenija dvuhkolesnyh mehanicheskih transportnyh sredstv [Corraction algorithms normative values rise time deceleration, set deceleration motorized two wheelers]. Mir transporta i tekhnologicheskikh mashin [Transport and Technological Cars], 3(50): 3–12 (in Russian).

Evtyukov SA., Brylev IS (2013a) Obzor sushhestvujushhih metodik rascheta skorosti dvuhkolesnyh transportnyh sredstv [Review of existing methods calculation speed of two-vehicles]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Modern problems of science and education],n. 6, URL: www.science-education.ru/113-10750 (accessed 21.06.2016) (in Russian).

Evtyukov SA, Brylev IS (2013b) Problemy provedeniya avtotekhnicheskikh ekspertiz s uchastiem mototsiklistov [The problems of technical expertise of vehicles involving motorcyclists]. Fundamental’nye i prikladnye nauki [Fundamental and Applied Science], without No.: 125–129.

Evtyukov SS, Brylev IS (2016) Raschetnaya otsenka parametrov protsessa tormozheniya transportnykh sredstv kategorii L3 pri rekonstruktsii DTP [Estimated of braking process parameters of category L3 vehicles at reconstruction of the road accident] Vestnik grazhdanskikh ingenerov [Bulletin of Civil Engineers], 2(55): 181–185 (in Russian).

Krinitsyn AA (1987) Primenenie normativnykh znachenii parametrov tormozheniya mototransportnykh sredstv v ekspertnoy praktike: metod. rekomendatsii [Expert practice use of standard parameters of braking for motorcycle vehicles: methodological guidelines]. AUSRIJI, Moscow, RF (in Russian).

Puchkin VA (2010) Osnovy jekspertnogo analiza dorozhno-transportnyh proisshestvij: Bazy dannyh. Jekspertnaja tehnika. Metody reshenij [Basics of expert analysis of road traffic avccidents: databases, expert techniques, methods of decision making]. Institute of Postgraduate Education of Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, RF (in Russian).

Guo L, Jin XL, Zhang XY, Shen J, Chen YJ, Chen JG (2008) Study of injuries combining computer simulation in motorcycle–car collision accidents. Forensic Science International, 177(2–3): 90–96.

Obenski Kenneth S (1994) Motorcycle Accident Reconstruction: Understanding Motorcycles. Lawyers & Judges Publishing Co.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.23968/2500-0055-2016-1-2-23-26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.