Editorial Note

Through the centuries of human civilization organized societies have advanced by constructing various works, combining ingenuity with aesthetics, in order to fulfil specific needs. Apart from defence works, that were engineering projects of the utmost importance, other specific needs refer to housing and transportation (buildings / bridges / embankments / tunnels / harbours of various forms and complexity etc.), water management (aqueducts, dams etc.), places of worship (temples and churches), energy related projects and so on. In all these works, especially the more advanced and refined, architecture was combined with engineering in order to ensure in the best possible way the functionality requirements together with aesthetics in terms of colour, space and compatibility with the surroundings. Thus, this new journal focusing on research issues in architecture and engineering has a far reaching focus.

An early example of such a project is the Minoan palace at Knossos in Crete-Greece that was built in 1900 BC and was destroyed, probably by an earthquake, about 1700 BC. A second larger palace was built with its remains depicted in the figures below after the decline of the Minoan civilization that dominated the East Mediterranean region for some time in antiquity.

The remains of the palace of Knossos in Crete-Greece

As can be seen in this example there are important aspects that all projects must comply with; that is structural stability for service as well as extreme loads, durability of all materials and parts and effective maintenance. More recently, new experimental facilities and computer simulations allow us to analyse complex past or contemporary architectural formations in such a way as to better safeguard their structural stability for service as well as extreme loads. Technological advances can allow us to efficiently monitor the deterioration of various parts of a project. Furthermore, new materials and techniques enable us to design, construct and effectively maintain such projects and prolong their life span. This is obviously very important for projects we would like for many reasons to preserve. Despite recent advances in all these issues there are many relevant important aspects that are still in need of research. Moreover, as our capabilities are enlarged, the undertaking of constructing more daring projects becomes feasible; this subsequently generates a new set of problems that need to be solved regarding structural stability for service as well as extreme loads, durability of all materials and parts and effective maintenance. The exchange of information through scientific publications on all the above issues is of extreme importance. Thus, I believe that the publication of relevant research manuscripts in this online journal in English with the title "Architecture and Engineering”, under the auspices of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Federal State-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education, Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering conforms with such a necessity and will serve such a purpose.

 

Editor in Chief

Professor George C. Manos

Director of the Laboratory of Strength of Materials and structures

Aristotle University, Thessaloniki-Greece

e-mail: gcmanos@civil.auth.gr