Artem Tiraturyan, Evgeniya Uglova, Vladimir Akulov


Introduction: The deteriorating operating conditions of roads is one of the most important problems facing specialists in the road industry. It is mainly associated with a reduction in the rigidity of road pavements made as extended multi-layer structures. To identify the causes of rigidity reduction, non-destructive testing is used, which is based on solving the inverse coefficient problem of restoring the elastic constants based on the response on the surface. Purpose of the study: We aimed to provide a rationale for a new pavement condition indicator that would take into account the history of deformation and loading from a source on the surface, based on which it would be possible to solve the inverse problem of restoring the elastic and viscous characteristics of pavement layers. Methods: To do that, we performed mathematical modeling of the stress-strain state of a multi-layer medium based on the solution of a system of dynamic Lame equations. Viscosity is taken into account by introducing tangents of the angles of wave energy losses in the materials of layers. Results: The results obtained in modeling for the first time made it possible to establish the relationship between changes in the modulus of elasticity as well as tangents of the angles of energy losses in pavement layers and the amount of energy dissipation in the structure. Discussion: It should be noted that it is possible to switch from the bowl of maximum dynamic deflections as the main pavement condition indicator to the analysis of hysteresis loops on the road structure surface, recorded at different distances from the point of load application and being an analogue of the full bowl of dynamic deflections showing the history of the test object loading.


energy dissipation, multi-layer structure, modulus of elasticity, hysteresis loop, falling weight deflectometer.

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