Nguyen Quoc Toan, Nguyen Van Tam, Tran Ngoc Diep, Pham Xuan Anh


Introduction: Building Information Modeling (BIM) is characterized by potential benefits at many phases of the construction project life cycle. However, no comprehensive study has been conducted to evaluate the benefits of BIM adoption and implementation for project stakeholders in the Vietnamese construction industry context. Methods: This study aimed to identify and evaluate the benefits of BIM adoption and implementation in construction projects based on the perception of project stakeholders through data collection from 159 valid construction practitioners. The reliability and validity tests were performed to analyze collected data by SPSS 22 software. Results: The results demonstrated that four primary clusters of the project stakeholders received benefits when BIM was adopted in construction projects: architectural and structural design units (10 benefits), facility management units (8 benefits), contractors (6 benefits), and owners (6 benefits). These clusters accounted for 58.954%, 5.975%, 4.682%, and 3.736%, respectively, of the variance that characterized the benefits of BIM adoption. The findings indicated that ‘improve the quality of design drawings’, and ‘minimize conflicts/changes’ were the most significant BIM benefits for architectural and structural design units, whereas ‘convenient for managing project data’ and ‘easy planning and resource mobilization’ were the top benefits for facility management units. For contractors, ‘minimize construction errors’ and ‘construction cost saving’ were the most prominent benefits. Besides, BIM brought owners such striking benefits as ‘maximize project performance’ and ‘easier to choose investment options’.


BIM, benefits, project stakeholders, construction industry, life cycle.

Full Text:



Abbasnejad, B. and Moud, H. I. (2013). BIM and basic challenges associated with its definitions, interpretations and expectations. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), Vol. 3. Issue 2, pp. 287–294.

Abd Hamid, A. B., Mohd Taib, M. Z., Abdul Razak, A. N. N. and Embi, M. R. (2018). Building information modelling: challenges and barriers in implement of BIM for interior design industry in Malaysia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 40, 012002. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/140/1/012002.

Abdullah, N., Jabar, M. A., Sidi, F. and Yah, Y. (2015). Early prediction model to manage risks in earliest stages to increase project success. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 81, No. 3, pp. 413–419.

Abubakar, M., Ibrahim, Y. M., Kado, D. and Bala, K. (2014). Contractors’ perception of the factors affecting Building Information Modelling (BIM) adoption in the Nigerian Construction Industry. 2014 International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering, June 23–25, 2014, Orlando, Florida, USA. DOI: 10.1061/9780784413616.022.

Al-Ashmori, Y. Y., Othman, I., Rahmawati, Y., Mugahed Amran, Y. H., Abo Sabah, S. H., Rafindadi, A. D. and Mikić, M. (2020). BIM benefits and its influence on the BIM implementation in Malaysia. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 1013–1019. DOI: 10.1016/j.asej.2020.02.002.

Ashcraft, H. W. (2008). Building information modeling: A framework for collaboration. Construction Lawyer, Vol. 28, No. 3.

Autodesk (2008). Improving building industry results through integrated project delivery and building information modeling. [online] Available at: [Date accessed: 02.01.2021].

Azhar, S. (2011). Building information modeling (BIM): Trends, benefits, risks, and challenges for the AEC industry. Leadership and Management in Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 241–252.

Azhar, S., Brown, J. and Farooqui, R. (2009). BIM-based sustainability analysis: An evaluation of building performance analysis software. 45th ASC Annual Conference, April 1–4, 2009, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Azhar, S., Khalfan, M. and Maqsood, T. (2012). Building information modelling (BIM): now and beyond. Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 15–28. DOI: 10.5130/ajceb.v12i4.3032.

Bryde, D., Broquetas, M. and Volm, J. M. (2013). The project benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM). International Journal of Project Management, Vol. 31, Issue 7, pp. 971–980. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.12.001.

Bryman, A. and Cramer, D. (2011). Quantitative data analysis with IBM SPSS 17, 18 & 19. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge, 377 p.

Carmona, J. and Irwin, K. (2007). BIM: who, what, how and why. Building Operating Management, Vol. 54, No. 10, pp. 37–39.

Chan, A. P. C., Ma, X., Yi, W., Zhou, X. and Xiong, F. (2018). Critical review of studies on building information modeling (BIM) in project management. Frontiers of Engineering Management, Vol. 5, Issue 3, pp. 394–406. DOI: 10.15302/J-FEM-2018203.

Chan, D. W. M., Olawumi, T. O. and Ho, A. M. L. (2019a). Critical success factors for building information modelling (BIM) implementation in Hong Kong. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 26, Issue 9, pp. 1838–1854. DOI: 10.1108/ECAM-05-2018-0204.

Chan, D. W. M., Olawumi, T. O. and Ho, A. M. L. (2019b). Perceived benefits of and barriers to Building Information Modelling (BIM) implementation in construction: The case of Hong Kong. Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 25, 100764. DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100764.

Cho, K. M.., Hong, T. H. and Hyun, C. T. (2009). Effect of project characteristics on project performance in construction projects based on structural equation model. Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 36, Issue 7, pp. 10461–10470. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2009.01.032.

Dao, T.-N., Chen, P.-H. and Nguyen, T.-Q. (2021). Critical success factors and a contractual framework for construction projects adopting building information modeling in Vietnam. International Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 19, Issue 1, pp. 85–102, DOI: 10.1007/s40999-020-00542-3.

Dao, T.-N., Nguyen, T.-Q. and Chen, P.-H. (2020). BIM adoption in construction projects funded with state-managed capital in Vietnam: legal issues and proposed solutions. In: Ha-Minh, C., Dao, D., Benboudjema, F., Derrible, S., Huynh, D. and Tang, A. (eds.), CIGOS 2019, Innovation for Sustainable Infrastructure, Vol. 54. Singapore, Springer, pp. 1211–1216. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-0802-8_194.

Diaz, P. M. (2016). Analysis of benefits, advantages and challenges of building information modelling in construction industry. Journal of Advances in Civil Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 1–11. DOI: 10.18831/

Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., & Liston, K. (2011). BIM handbook: A guide to building information modeling for owners, managers, designers, engineers and contractors. 2nd edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 634 p.

Enegbuma, W. I. and Ali, K. N. (2011a). A preliminary critical success factor (CSFs) analysis of building information modelling (BIM) implementation in Malaysia. Proceedings of the Asian Conference on Real Estate (ACRE 2011): Sustainable Growth, Management Challenges, October 3–5 October, Thistle Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Enegbuma, W. I. and Ali, K. N. (2011b). A preliminary study on building information modeling (BIM) implementation in Malaysia. In: Liu, S. Z., Javed, A. A., Ni, F. D. and Shen, A. W. (eds.), Proceedings of 2011 3rd International Post Graduate Conference in Engineering (IPCIE2011), July 11–12, Hong Kong, Vol. 1. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Polytechnic University, pp. 399–407.

Fallon, K. K. and Palmer, M. E. (2007). General buildings information handover guide: Principles, methodology and case studies. An industry sector guide of the information handover guide series. US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 89 p.

Fang, D., Li, M., Fong, P. S.-W. and Shen, L. (2004). Risks in Chinese construction market—contractors’ perspective. Journal of construction engineering and management, Vol. 130, Issue 6, pp. 853–861. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2004)130:6(853).

Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics. 4th edition. London: SAGE Publications, 952 p.

Grilo, A. and Jardim-Goncalves, R. (2010). Value proposition on interoperability of BIM and collaborative working environments. Automation in Construction, Vol. 19, Issue 5, pp. 522–530. DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2009.11.003.

Hai, D. T., Toan, N. Q. and Van Tam, N. (2022). Critical success factors for implementing PPP infrastructure projects in developing countries: the case of Vietnam. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, Vol. 7, Issue 1, 89. DOI: 10.1007/s41062-021-00688-6.

Hair, J. F., Tatham, R. L., Anderson, R. E. and Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate data analysis. 5th edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 730 p.

Hardin, B. and McCool, D. (2015). BIM and construction management: proven tools, methods, and workflows. 2nd edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 416 p.

Haron, A. T., Marshall-Ponting, A. J., Zakaria, Z., Nawi, M. N. M., Hamid, Z. A. and Kamar, K. A. M. (2015). An industrial report on the Malaysian building information modelling (BIM) taskforce: issues and recommendations. Malaysian Construction Research Journal, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 21–36.

Hoang, G. V., Vu, D. K. T., Le, N. H. and Nguyen, T. P. (2020). Benefits and challenges of BIM implementation for facility management in operation and maintenance face of buildings in Vietnam. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 869, 022032. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/869/2/022032.

Hong, Y., Hammad, A. W. A., Sepasgozar, S. and Akbarnezhad, A. (2019). BIM adoption model for small and medium construction organisations in Australia. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 26, Issue 2, pp. 154–183. DOI: 10.1108/ECAM-04-2017-0064.

Hong Duyen, D., Tam, N., Yen, N. and Hoai An, L. (2018). Application Building Information Modelling (BIM) in Quantity surveying: Learnt lessons from some countries in the world. Journal of Science and Technology in Civil Engineering (STCE) - NUCE, Vol. 12. No. 1, pp. 46–52. DOI: 10.31814/stce.nuce2018-12(1)-06.

Ibrahim, H. S., Hashim, N. and Jamal, K. A. A. (2019). The potential benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM) in construction industry. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 385, 012047. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/385/1/012047.

Jordani, D. A. (2010). BIM and FM: The portal to lifecycle facility management. Journal of Building Information Modeling, Spring 2010, pp. 13–16.

Joyce, E. (2012). Augmented reality for facilities management edges closer to real-world applications. Engineering News Record.

Kerosuo, H., Miettinen, R., Paavola, S., Mäki, T. and Korpela, J. (2015). Challenges of the expansive use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in construction projects. Production, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 289–297. DOI: 10.1590/0103-6513.106512.

Li, X., Wu, P., Shen, G. Q., Wang, X. and Teng, Y. (2017). Mapping the knowledge domains of Building Information Modeling (BIM): A bibliometric approach. Automation in Construction, Vol. 84, pp. 195–206. DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2017.09.011.

Masood, R., Kharal, M. K. N. and Nasir, A. R. (2014). Is BIM adoption advantageous for construction industry of Pakistan? Procedia Engineering, Vol. 77, pp. 229–238. DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.07.021.

Matarneh, R. and Hamed, S. (2017). Barriers to the adoption of building information modeling in the Jordanian building industry. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 325–335. DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2017.73022.

Meadati, P., Irizarry, J. and Akhnoukh, A. K. (2010). BIM and RFID integration: a pilot study. 2nd International Conference on Construction in Developing Countries (ICCIDC–II) “Advancing and Integrating Construction Education, Research & Practice”, August 3–5, 2010, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 570–578.

Memon, A. H., Rahman, I. A., Memon, I. and Azman, N. I. A. (2014). BIM in Malaysian construction industry: status, advantages, barriers and strategies to enhance the implementation level. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 8, Issue 5, pp. 606–614. DOI: 10.19026/rjaset.8.1012.

Mesároš, P. and Mandičák, T. (2017). Exploitation and benefits of BIM in construction project management. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 245, Issue 6, 062056. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/245/6/062056.

Mohd Noor, S. N. A., Junaidi, S. R. and Ramly, M. K. A. (2018). Adoption of building information modelling (bim): factors contribution and benefits. Journal of Information System and Technology Management, Vol. 3, Issue 10, pp. 47–63.

Mostafa, S., Kim, K. P., Tam, V. W. Y. and Rahnamayiezekavat, P. (2020). Exploring the status, benefits, barriers and opportunities of using BIM for advancing prefabrication practice. International Journal of Construction Management, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 146–156. DOI: 10.1080/15623599.2018.1484555.

Newton, K. and Chileshe, N. (2012a). Awareness, usage and benefits of building information modelling (BIM) adoption – the case of the South Australian construction organisations. In: Smith, S. D (ed.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3–5 September 2012, Edinburgh, UK. Edinburgh: Association of Researchers in Construction Management, pp. 3–12.

Newton, K. L. and Chileshe, N. (2012b). Enablers and barriers of building information modelling (BIM) within South Australian construction organisations. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of Australasian University Building Educators Association (AUBEA), July 4–6, 2012, Sydney, Australia. Sydney: University of New South Wales. DOI: 10.13140/2.1.4964.1607.

Nguyen, V. T., Nguyen, B. N., Nguyen, T. Q., Chu, A. T. and Dinh, H. T. (2021). The impact of the COVID-19 on the construction industry in Vietnam. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 47–61. DOI: 10.11113/ijbes.v8.n3.745.

Nguyen Van, T., Nguyen Quoc, T. and Le Dinh, L. (2021). An analysis of value chain in the Vietnam construction industry. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 12–23. DOI: 10.30880/ijscet.2021.12.03.002.

Oesterreich, T. D. and Teuteberg, F. (2019). Behind the scenes: Understanding the socio-technical barriers to BIM adoption through the theoretical lens of information systems research. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol 146(C), pp. 413–431. DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2019.01.003.

Olawumi, T. O. and Chan, D. W. M. (2019a). An empirical survey of the perceived benefits of executing BIM and sustainability practices in the built environment. Construction Innovation, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 321–342. DOI: 10.1108/CI-08-2018-0065.

Olawumi, T. O. and Chan, D. W. M. (2019b). Building information modelling and project information management framework for construction projects. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 53–75. DOI: 10.3846/jcem.2019.7841.

Olawumi, T. O., Chan, D. W. M., Wong, J. K. W. and Chan, A. P. C. (2018). Barriers to the integration of BIM and sustainability practices in construction projects: A Delphi survey of international experts. Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 20, pp. 60–71. DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2018.06.017.

Qian, A. Y. (2012). Benefits and ROI of BIM for multi-disciplinary project management. Singapore: National University of Singapore.

Reddy, K. P. (2011). BIM for building owners and developers: making a business case for using BIM on projects. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 230 p.

Saka, A. B. and Chan, D. W. M. (2019). A scientometric review and metasynthesis of building information modelling (BIM) research in Africa. Buildings, Vol. 9, Issue 4, 85. DOI: 10.3390/buildings9040085.

Saka, A. B., Chan, D. W. M. and Olawumi, T. O. (2019). A systematic literature review of building information modelling in the architecture, engineering and construction industry - the case of Nigeria. EDMIC 2019: Environmental Design and Management International Conference, pp. 728–738.

Schade, J., Olofsson, T. and Schreyer, M. (2011). Decision‐making in a model‐based design process. Construction Management and Economics, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 371–382. DOI: 10.1080/01446193.2011.552510.

Schlueter, A. and Thesseling, F. (2009). Building information model based energy/exergy performance assessment in early design stages. Automation in Construction, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 153–163. DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2008.07.003.

Seyis, S. (2019). Pros and cons of using building information modeling in the AEC industry. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 145, Issue 8, 04019046. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001681.

Sholeh, M. N., Nurdiana, A., Setiabudi, B. and Suharjono (2020). Identification of potential uses of Building Information Modeling (BIM) for construction supply chain management: preliminary studies. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 448, 012064. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012064.

Stanley, R. and Thurnell, D. P. (2014). The benefits of, and barriers to, implementation of 5D BIM for quantity surveying in New Zealand. Construction Economics and Building, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 105–117. DOI: 10.5130/AJCEB.v14i1.3786.

Succar, B. (2009). Building information modelling framework: A research and delivery foundation for industry stakeholders. Automation in Construction, Vol. 18, Issue 3, pp. 357–375. DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2008.10.003.

Tse, T.-C. K., Wong, K.-D. A. and Wong, K.-W. F. (2005). The utilisation of building information models in nD modelling: a study of data interfacing and adoption barriers. Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), Vol. 18, Special Issue “From 3D to nD Modelling”, pp. 85–110.

Van Tam, N., Diep, T. N., Quoc Toan, N. and Le Dinh Quy, N. (2021a). Factors affecting adoption of building information modeling in construction projects: A case of Vietnam. Cogent Business & Management, Vol. 8, Issue 1, 1918848. DOI: 10.1080/23311975.2021.1918848.

Van Tam, N., Huong, N. L. and Ngoc, N. B. (2018). Factors affecting labour productivity of construction worker on construction site: A case of Hanoi. Journal of Science and Technology in Civil Engineering (STCE) - NUCE, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 127–138. DOI: 10.31814/stce.nuce2018-12(5)-13.

Van Tam, N., Quoc Toan, N., Phong, V. V. and Durdyev, S. (2021b). Impact of BIM-related factors affecting construction project performance. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, ahead-of-print. DOI: 10.1108/IJBPA-05-2021-0068.

Vaske, J. J., Beaman, J. and Sponarski, C. C. (2017). Rethinking internal consistency in Cronbach’s alpha. Leisure Sciences, Vol. 39, Issue 2, pp. 163–173. DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2015.1127189.

Wong, A. K. D., Wong, F. K. W. and Nadeem, A. (2009). Attributes of building information modelling and its development in Hong Kong. HKIE Transactions, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 38–45. DOI: 10.1080/1023697X.2009.10668156.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 2500-0055