Anatoly Veselov, Aleksandr Chernykh, Aleksandr Maslennikov, Vyacheslav Kharlab, Shirali Mamedov


Introduction: Based on an analysis of issues related to the anchorage and active adhesion between deformed reinforcement and concrete, it is possible to identify major problems of concrete-to-steel bond breaking during the operation of bearing building structures. Purpose of the study: The authors seek to determine the mechanism of interaction between concrete and steel in the adhesion contact area, establish a relationship between external force action and crack development in the contact area. Methods: The authors suggest some dependencies to evaluate various test methods when determining the area where two materials, differing in physical characteristics, interact. Approximation to the actual phenomena related to the interaction between concrete and reinforcement, starting from the moment when through and non-through internal cracks form in the contact area and ending with destruction, is a general problem of models describing the adhesion of materials. Results: The theoretical results were compared with the experimental data and recommendations of modern regulatory documents, and it was found that they are in a satisfactory agreement. It was established that the difference of axial deformations of the bar and the surrounding concrete goes into the difference of bending displacements, which explains uneven load distribution across the protrusions. Discussion: Using the suggested dependencies, it is possible to predict crack development in the contact area of the reinforcement and cement binder as well as in the slip area in an extreme case. The concrete tensile strength in particular reinforcedconcrete elements in supporting cross-sections and with anchorage in tensile concrete represents a factor affecting the strength of the concrete-to-steel bond.


Anchorage, reinforcement adhesion, concrete.

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