Anton Gashenko


Introduction: The paper addresses an issue of describing templating in the urban environment. It also declares an approach to studying and designing urban space using patterns — spatial prototypes of the area. The purpose of the study is to provide insight into the pattern method applied in urban studies and practices. Methods: Using the theory of C. Alexander, the authors model the concept of pattern in urban planning, describe the process of urban environment development based on spatial “templates” of its formation. Results: City development is based on localization of design models for area planning or natural landscape-shaping mechanisms. Such design models and natural mechanisms are called patterns. Patterns are imprinted in the city fabric as locally coherent urban-planning formations — elementary urban units. Properties of patterns (integrity, limitation and repeatability) are listed. Principles of their use in studying urban-planning structures, preserving the genetic code of local areas, and modeling new spatial forms using urban-planning strategies and regulations are described.


Pattern, urban morphology, integrity, development, landscape.

Full Text:



Alexander, C., Ishikawa, S., Silverstein, M. (1977). A pattern language: towns, buildings, construction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Alexander, C. (1964). Notes on the synthesis of form. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Bystrova, T. Y. (2011). Architecture beyond time: Idea design patterns K. Alexander. Akademicheskij Vestnik UralNIIproekt RAASN, 1, pp. 47–53.

Filanova, T. V., Nikonov, K. E. (2016). City-forming element as a unit of study and analysis of urban areas state and conversion process. Urban Construction and Architecture, 4, pp. 107–111.

Gashenko, A. Ye. (2016). Architectural and urban morphology of Novosibirsk. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk State University of Architecture, Design and Arts.

Krasheninnikov, A. V. (2015). Cognitive models in urban design and spatial planning. In: Proceedings of 2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2015, vol. 1, pp. 311–318. DOI: 10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2015/B41/S15.038.

Kubetskaya, L. I., Kudryavtseva, N. O. (2017). Historical genetic regularities of origin and development of town-planning systems as integral part of national culture. Academia. Architecture and Construction, 3, pp. 76–83.

Leitner, H. (2015a). Pattern theory: introduction and perspectives on the tracks of Christopher Alexander. Scotts Valley: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Leitner, H. (2015b). Working with patterns: an introduction. In Bollier, D. and Helfrich, S. (eds.). Patterns of Commoning. Amherst: Levellers Press, pp. 15–25.

Ptichnikova, G. A., Antyufeev, A. V. (2014). New morphotypes of architectural space of modern cities. Sociology of City, 2, pp. 5–19.

Rappaport, A. G. (1975). Engineering without prototypes. In: Sazonov B. V. (ed.) Development and implementation of automated engineering systems (theory and methodology). Moscow: Stroyizdat, Central Research-and-Development and Experimental Design Institute for Automated Systems in Construction, pp. 299–392.

Shubenkov, M. V., Shamarov, N. N. (2008). Domain models for description of planning structure of town-planning objects. Architecture and Modern Information Technologies, 1 (2), p. 13–17.

Trutnev, E. K., Bandorin, L. Ye., Gudz, T. V., Safarova, M. D., Yakubovich, M. O. (2007). Legal issues of land surveying and transformation of built-up residential areas. Moscow: The Institute for Urban Economics (Fund).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 2500-0055